Your credit report reveals whether you’ve been paying your bills on time and it matters because it could affect your ability to borrow money.
If you’ve got a credit card, personal loan, mobile phone plan or utility account, there’s probably a credit reporting agency out there that has a file with your name on it.
Credit providers give this information to the credit reporting agencies and they also access this information to determine whether they want to lend to you. Are you a Debt Rockstar? You can check out our article here.
Here’s a rundown of what info is likely to be on your report, how it could affect your ability to borrow money, how you can get a copy of your report and flag potential errors if you happen to find any, and some other things you’ll want to be across. Looking to improve your relationship with money? Check out this article here.
A credit report is an assessment of your credit-worthiness and contains information such as1:
You might also be interested to know that since 2018, the major banks and some other credit providers have been giving additional info to credit reporting agencies to provide a more complete picture of people’s history. This includes typical repayment amounts and how often repayments are made2, so that good habits can now also be captured.
A credit infringement could stay on your credit report for five years or more including when you’ve repaid the debt, although your report will be updated to indicate payment has been made3.
Black marks on your report matter because should you apply for credit or a loan at some point in the future, you may be knocked back or even charged a higher interest rate4 due to poor credit history.
Meanwhile, as each lender will assess your credit file against their own policies5, there may be instances where some approve your application, while others reject it, or delay the process.
The main credit reporting agencies in Australia are Equifax, Experian, Illion and the Tasmanian Collection Service6, and you could have a report with more than one of them.
Credit providers (such as a bank, phone and utility providers) send details to these agencies and then use this info to assess whether they want to lend to you and the likelihood you’ll pay what is owed.
A credit reporting agency must provide you with a free copy of your credit report once a year and within 10 days of your request. If you want a copy in a shorter time frame though, it could cost you7.
If you think there’s a discrepancy in your report, contact your credit provider. You can dispute the listing and if they agree it’s wrong, they’ll ask the credit reporting agency to remove it.
If you’re not satisfied with the response from your provider, you can seek further assistance from the following groups, depending on what type of debt it is8:
Credit repair companies may not always be able to do what they claim because in most cases, the info can’t be removed from your credit report unless it’s proven to be wrong9. On top of that, they may charge you money to fix an error, which you may be able to do yourself for free10.
These companies may be useful if you don’t have time to look into things yourself, but it’s vital you understand their terms and what they’re charging, as fees are often high11.
If you’re after some tips, check out our info page which includes – 5 tips to prevent debt stress from getting you down.
Meanwhile, if you’re struggling to make repayments, you may be able to seek assistance from your providers by claiming financial hardship, so it may be worth letting them know what’s happening.
All providers must consider reasonable requests to change their terms in instances where you may be suffering genuine financial difficulties and feel help would enable you to meet your repayments.
In addition, you can talk to a financial counsellor (free of charge) at the National Debt Helpline by calling 1800 007 007.
If you’re keen to understand more about improving your financial health, you can review our article on this topic here.
What you need to know
This information is provided by Invest Blue Pty Ltd (ABN 91 100 874 744). The information contained in this article is of general nature only and does not take into account the objectives, financial situation or needs of any particular person. Therefore, before making any decision, you should consider the appropriateness of the advice with regards to those matters and seek personal financial, tax and/or legal advice prior to acting on this information. Read our Financial Services Guide for information about our services, including the fees and other benefits that AMP companies and their representatives may receive in relations to products and services provided to you.
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