Each year, the percentage of Australians able to retire fully or partially funded grows each year. This is largely due to the success of superannuation policy (forced savings) as well as a result of asset values being relatively high in recent years.
Superannuation is one way to fund retirement, however, what are the different kinds of ways to fund your retirement and how do you know which will provide the most favourable returns for you?
How do risk and caution play out in this decision-making? One of the rules of caution is not to be too cautious.
The Association of Superannuation Funds of Australia (ASFA) releases a Retirement Standard each quarter, that identifies how much Australian singles and couples need to live a comfortable vs modest retirement lifestyle.
The latest standard revealed the average Australian single needs $875,740 for 20 years of comfortable retirement from aged 65 to 85, and couples need $1,235,720. This is $43,787 and $61,786 per year respectively. For a modest retirement, this drops to $27,913 and $40,194 per year respectively. We know that many Australians don’t have enough to meet this standard themselves, and will choose to supplement their income with investment income or the pension.
Moving into retirement is a critical time when financial advice can really help and we have helped hundreds of Clients approaching retirement with their unique needs. Our Advisers can help you map out the kind of retirement lifestyle you are wanting to have, and look at how you are going to fund your retirement. Contact an Adviser today.
A recent study by Challenger Retirement Income Research reveals that as of 2018 only 25% of new retirees are now relying solely on the Age Pension for income, with 45% receiving a partial payment. This compares to 80% of those over 80 receiving a partial payment. Whilst this information shows that the superannuation system is working to reduce reliance on the Age Pension, the majority of eligible Australians will access it. The reliance on the Age Pension does bring with it limited flexibility with how you can spend your time and live out your golden years. Have you thought about how you will fund your retirement?
According to the research, the super balance of a typical couple entering retirement is $400,000. Although this figure is below the projected figure to retire comfortably, it does show we’re making progress towards Australians being self-funded in retirement.
Given 55% of Australians are funding their own retirement-aged 66, let’s now take a look at the other ways that Australians are funding their retirement aside from superannuation.
Here we look at some of the alternatives:
You can read more on ways to invest here.
Returns on each income source listed above vary, and it is a good idea to consider your investment options within the context of your dreams and goals and how much money you think you will need.
In many cases you may find an individual uses a combination of income streams, for example, John and Jill own a home outright which they live in, they have rental income from a second home and also rely on superannuation payments and some interest off money in the bank.
It is important to consider how much income you think you will need in your retirement, so you can maximise the use of your income in your working years and reduce or remove reliance on the Age Pension.
Deciding which investment is right for you comes down to three things, your risk profile, your money mindset and your needs. This is also where the cost of caution comes into play. Being too cautious, for example, choosing to keep you’re your cash in a long-term deposit account, could create a difference of thousands when it comes time to retire.
Our investment philosophy is founded on the principle that investors should take the appropriate risk for their situation. In the early years of investing this may mean putting money into ‘growth‘ type assets that can be more volatile, but that has a larger return over time. Then as you age and your investment horizon shrinks, it could be prudent to phase your investments into less risky assets.
It is not easy to decide on how to best invest your money, and a recent study from the Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC) reveals that 45% of Australians are looking for help with investments.
ASIC’s Moneysmart provides some guidance regarding short, medium and long-term investments, including the risk, volatility and expected return for each.
Everyone has their own inherent comfort level with risk. With shares, for example, there can be highs and lows, so one approach is to consider how much you can handle, captured well in the phrase “if you don’t like the heat, get out of the kitchen”!
For some, witnessing what their parents did with money may drive them to want to replicate or reject that path. Our own personal experiences also impact future decisions. For example, if we made a bad call on a share investment, we may want to avoid investing in shares in the future, or at least using the same strategy.
More broadly speaking, some of us are just bigger risk-takers, less afraid of consequence and driven by opportunity; while others couldn’t think of anything worse than worrying about an outcome. All of this is perfectly human and understandable, but it might not be the best way to build an investment strategy that will form your future income.
We believe firmly that no investor should take on risk they don’t need to. Our investment philosophy guides our advice to clients with the aim to maximise the probability of our clients meeting their objectives, whilst ensuring we implement a strategy that is consistent with their tolerance towards risk.
Let’s take an extreme example to make the point. If you wanted to avoid the market altogether, be it the investment market or real estate, you could squirrel your hard-earned cash away under the mattress. Your dollar earned today would be safe and secure for tomorrow, but it would still be worth a dollar. Over time, with inflation, it will actually buy you less than $1 when it comes time to need it.
Some of our clients come to us with a large risk appetite, willing to put money on the line for risky ventures or the promise of big returns. That is all well and good if you are prepared to lose it. Our job with those clients is to work out what they need and then what they have spare to take on that kind of risk.
We also work with clients, however, who are afraid of dipping their toe in the investment market for fear of what it might do. The 2008 Global Financial Crisis is a good case in point! For these clients, however, we again to map out what they need and ensure they are taking enough risk to get there.
While there are never guarantees in life or investment; there is experience, credibility and research to back. In all situations, we take action that a client is comfortable taking. Sometimes, a bit of education, modelling and clarity can help someone to refocus their risk lens. You can read our article on “Does your future feel better than your past” for additional insight.
What you need to know
This information is provided by Invest Blue Pty Ltd (ABN 91 100 874 744). The information contained in this article is of general nature only and does not take into account the objectives, financial situation or needs of any particular person. Therefore, before making any decision, you should consider the appropriateness of the advice with regards to those matters and seek personal financial, tax and/or legal advice prior to acting on this information. Read our Financial Services Guide for information about our services, including the fees and other benefits that AMP companies and their representatives may receive in relations to products and services provided to you.
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